philine

15 Mar 2019 138 views
 
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photoblog image The revolutionary glass windows

The revolutionary glass windows

 

"The Fagus Factory (German: Fagus Fabrik or Fagus Werk), a shoe last factory in Alfeld on the Leine, Lower Saxony, Germany, is an important example of early modern architecture. Commissioned by owner Carl Benscheidt who wanted a radical structure to express the company's break from the past, the factory was designed by Walter Gropius and Adolf Meyer. It was constructed between 1911 and 1913, with additions and interiors completed in 1925.

The building that had the greater influence on the design of Fagus was AEG’s Turbine factory designed by Peter Behrens. Gropius and Meyer had both worked on the project and with Fagus they presented their interpretation and criticism of their teacher’s work. The Fagus main building can be seen as an inversion of the Turbine factory. Both have corners free of supports, and glass surfaces between piers that cover the whole height of the building. However, in the Turbine factory the corners are covered by heavy elements that slant inside. The glass surfaces also slant inside and are recessed in relation to the piers. The load-bearing elements are attenuated and the building has an image of stability and monumentality. In Fagus exactly the opposite happens; the corners are left open and the piers are recessed leaving the glass surface to the front. Gropius describes this transformation by saying,

"The role of the walls becomes restricted to that of mere screens stretched between the upright columns of the framework to keep out rain, cold and noise"

At the time of the design of Fagus, Gropius was collecting photographs of industrial buildings in the USA to be used for a Deutscher Werkbund publication. The design of these American factories was also a source of inspiration for Fagus."

 

The Fagus Factory is called  the nucleus of the Bauhaus.

The revolutionary glass windows

 

"The Fagus Factory (German: Fagus Fabrik or Fagus Werk), a shoe last factory in Alfeld on the Leine, Lower Saxony, Germany, is an important example of early modern architecture. Commissioned by owner Carl Benscheidt who wanted a radical structure to express the company's break from the past, the factory was designed by Walter Gropius and Adolf Meyer. It was constructed between 1911 and 1913, with additions and interiors completed in 1925.

The building that had the greater influence on the design of Fagus was AEG’s Turbine factory designed by Peter Behrens. Gropius and Meyer had both worked on the project and with Fagus they presented their interpretation and criticism of their teacher’s work. The Fagus main building can be seen as an inversion of the Turbine factory. Both have corners free of supports, and glass surfaces between piers that cover the whole height of the building. However, in the Turbine factory the corners are covered by heavy elements that slant inside. The glass surfaces also slant inside and are recessed in relation to the piers. The load-bearing elements are attenuated and the building has an image of stability and monumentality. In Fagus exactly the opposite happens; the corners are left open and the piers are recessed leaving the glass surface to the front. Gropius describes this transformation by saying,

"The role of the walls becomes restricted to that of mere screens stretched between the upright columns of the framework to keep out rain, cold and noise"

At the time of the design of Fagus, Gropius was collecting photographs of industrial buildings in the USA to be used for a Deutscher Werkbund publication. The design of these American factories was also a source of inspiration for Fagus."

 

The Fagus Factory is called  the nucleus of the Bauhaus.

comments (11)

  • Ray
  • Thailand
  • 15 Mar 2019, 00:38
You seem able to find beauty in your arrangement of glazed walls, Philine.
Philine: Amazing is the brightness in the working halls - good for the workers! Many thanks, Ray!
I love imagining how LIGHT it must be inside, Philine. How wonderful.
Philine: Yes, this is amazing and good for the working people. Heel bedankt, Ginnie! (I can now use my laptop for SC)
Voilà  un environnement bien luminieux !
Merci pour les explications
Philine: un bon environnement pour les travailleurs. Merci bien, Claudine!
  • Astrid
  • Netherlands
  • 15 Mar 2019, 07:02
They figured it out well, to have "glass" walls that would be able to "hold the building together with the walls. Nice collage, Philine.
Philine: The Bauhaus will later avoid any walls. Heel bedankt, Astrid!
  • Lisl
  • England
  • 15 Mar 2019, 07:23
Something that we are more used to in today's cities
Philine: Yes, the modern architecture worldwide has been influenced by the Bauhaus - many Bauhaus artists emigrated to the USA from 1933 on after the Nazi regime began. Many thanks, Lisl! (I am now using my laptop for SC)
This was ahead of its' time and looks modern even now
Philine: You are right, Bill, but what were our architecture without those genious forerunners like Gropius ...Many thanks!
  • Louis
  • South Africa
  • 15 Mar 2019, 08:23
They look to almost be one building.
Philine: There is an ensemble of buildings, but this one is the main building. Many thanks, Louis!
  • Chad
  • Somewhere in deep space
  • 15 Mar 2019, 08:51
This technique of ‘ribbon windows’ was a great design feature, which was copied over and over again. By making the corners appear to have no support the eye believes the building to have a lightness of weight about it.
Philine: I like your comment very much, you have a fine sense for architecture. Our modern architecture cannot be understood without the influence of the Bauhaus. In our museum I saw an exhibition about 'Bauhaus and America'. There were also some critics about this glass architecture at the times of Bauhaus. Many thanks, Chad!
This is now so commonplace in architecture that it is considered classic.
Philine: Yes, the Bauhaus architecture influenced the modern architecture. Many thanks, Mary!
  • Alan
  • United Kingdom
  • 15 Mar 2019, 20:09
Well, I would never have guessed that this was connected with shoemaking; I'm thinking more of a design studio (but then perhaps not a lot different to designing shoe lasts). It looks far more recent than 1913.
Philine: The Bauhaus archtigtects like Gropius, Mies van der Rohe ...influenced the modern architecture. Many Bauhaus people emigrated to the USA where they built the sKyscrapers ...
(A new power supply has to be attached to my main computer, I hope to use it in the following week again.)
Many thanks, Alan!
  • Salima I.E.M. Senders
  • Netherlands
  • 18 Mar 2019, 11:06
So remarkable if you imagine that its over 100 years old and still look so modern!

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